Medicine is an art and science concerned with the collection of the details of natural phenomena for the purpose of knowledge regarding how to solve problems and how to make people better. The field concerned with the treatment, diagnosis, prevention or the cure of various types of infirmity or disease of a physical nature. Medicine is associated with a number of institutions such as hospitals, research institutes, medical colleges, clinics and outpatient care centers. A person can become a professional in medicine, if he has a degree in medicine or any related health course.
In the recent past, medicine has emerged as a profession which provides health, remedy and preventive care to man. It forms the base of public health care system, covering all aspects of the life of a community from birth to death. There are various professions which are associated with medicine like medicine and nursing, pharmacy technician, physician assistants, physician, pharmacist, dental assistant, podiatrist and nutritionist. There are many developments in this field as new diseases and technologies are being discovered everyday.
Editing of medical texts is one of the emerging fields of medicine, which involves the use of computers in medicine. The texts in this form of science refer to the accounts or details of diseases, their symptoms, causes and treatments. The main purpose of editing these texts is to transform them into documents that can be used by other health professionals for research purposes. With the advent of computers in medicine, these texts have been made available online, to help researchers gain access to the latest in medicines and techniques. This has helped medicine gain a prominent place in the community health care systems.
One of the major challenges in medicine is to reduce the health disparities across gender, race and ethnicity. The increasing health expenditures in the U.S. have resulted in significant discrepancies in health outcomes between racial/ethnic groups. Health disparities have resulted in lower overall health, higher healthcare costs and lack of access to certain medical services. The increasing health disparities has made it essential to address the issues of health care access and equity. Since traditional medicine has failed to address these health disparities, medicine is moving towards an integrated approach.
This integrated approach has resulted in various projects addressing health disparities. An initiative of President Obama with the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation called “Quarters for All” aims at bridging the gap on health alone. Other projects associated with this initiative include projects focused on combating childhood obesity, promoting healthy diet and exercise, implementing the dietary guidelines for the National Health Service (NHS), researching nutrition and food standards, creating and strengthening networks concerning health, and disseminating information and strategies on global health. These efforts have helped to raise awareness about health disparities and its consequences. Various organizations involved in these projects have also made several public health announcements, including raising the awareness on smoking in children and increasing public awareness on the harmful effects of tobacco products.
The increasing global health problems have resulted in medicine moving away from the traditional one-size-fits-all approach to disease management. Innovation and risk taking are increasingly valued in medicine as risk mitigation strategies are developed to deal with health care costs. The importance and necessity of medicines, especially costly patented drugs are also becoming evident. The need for universal health care is also being highlighted by various public policy makers.