Health

Urologic Diseases

The term “urological disorders” refers to various diseases, all of which involve the filtration and transport of urine from the body. These diseases can affect men, women, and children of all ages.

These diseases affect specific parts of the body. In women, it includes urine. In men, it affects the urinary tract or reproduction. So the common urological conditions are collectively called urological disorders. Lets us discuss them in detail.

Common Urological Conditions

There are many urological and pathological diseases. Here are some of the conditions most commonly identified by the American Urological Association Foundation (AUAF):

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

It is an enlarged prostate, an increase in the size of the prostate. BPH usually occurs in older men. It is not directly linked to prostate cancer.

Symptoms of BPH are caused by an enlarged prostate, which can get deposited in the urine. The urethra is a narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.

Men with BPH may have more frequent urination. They may also have difficulty passing urine and feel that the bladder is not empty after passing urine. The doctor may prescribe medicines such as alpha-blockers to treat this condition. Severe conditions can be treated with surgery.

Urinary Incontinence

It is the loss of bladder control. Therefore, it causes the leakage of urine. These conditions can be uncomfortable and embarrassing, but they are not uncommon. According to the AUAF, more than 15 million people in the United States have this disability.

Several factors can cause incontinence. The most common causes are:

  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy or childbirth
  • Overactive bladder
  • Prostatic hyperplasia
  • Weak bladder muscles
  • Weak sphincter (muscles that support the urethra)
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Diseases such as Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Severe constipation

Certain situations, lifestyle changes, such as drinking habits, may be enough to resolve the problem. If these procedures are ineffective, the doctor may recommend surgery to correct the cause.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

UTIs are caused by pathogenic bacteria or viruses that enter the urine and cause infection. According to the AUAF, about 40% of women and 12% of men will have a UTI that causes symptoms at some point in their life. Men can also suffer from it, but it is more common in women. Burning pain while urinating is one of the symptoms of UTI. Other examples include frequent flushing of the urethra and a feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination. Most antibiotics can clear most UTIs in 5-7 days.

Kidney and Ureteral Stones

Stones form in the kidneys when there are crystals in the urine, and small objects surround the crystals and collect them. Ureteral stones travel from the kidneys to the ureters (the vessels that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder).

These stones can block the flow of urine and cause serious illness. Many people remove small stones from the body without treatment, but they can cause problems by clogging them.

In some cases, treatment or surgery may require the removal of a large stone.

One of the most common uses is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). This technique uses a sound wave to break the stone into small pieces to be more easily eliminated through the body.

Overactive Bladder

It occurs when the bladder cannot hold urine properly and causes pain, rapid urination, disturbed urination.

The muscles in the bladder begin to contract. Can, almost like a seizure.

Bladder overactivity can be due to:

  • Neuropathy
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Bladder stones
  • Cancer
  • Getting older

The best way to prevent bladder overactivity is to be active, maintain a healthy weight and use the proper preventive measures. Management of chronic diseases such as diabetes.

Some medications can give you more bladder control.

Urological Problems Related to Women

Women usually have a shorter urethra, which leads to the development of urological problems. In addition to more urinary tract infections, women are more susceptible to various urological issues.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

The pelvic floor provides support for the bladder, vagina, and anus. These muscles can be painful or itchy throughout life, especially after childbirth. Your pelvic floor should be relaxed to urinate. The dysfunction of the pelvic floor can cause pain or difficulties.

The best treatment is to learn to relax your abdominal muscles with the help of a doctor. This can help reduce stress, make urination easier, and reduce pain. If treatment does not work, the doctor may prescribe vaginal or intramuscular injections.

Other Urological Conditions

  • Prostate cancer
  • Cancer of bladder
  • Bladder prolapse
  • Hematuria (blood in the urine)
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED)
  • Interstitial cystitis (also called bladder syndrome)
  • Prostatitis (prostate edema)

If you are facing any issues regarding your urinary system, you can consult aUrologist near your area. You should consult a Urologist regularly so that if you are experiencing any of the issues, they can be diagnosed on time. In the same manner, treatment can also be started at the right time. If you have no idea where to find the Best Urologist, you can visit Marham. You can book an appointment with one of the best Urologists through Marham.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1- What are the symptoms of the urological disease?

Pain is the main symptom of almost all urological diseases, other includes:

  • Urinary incontinence
  • Infections
  • Change in urine quantity
  • Change in quality
  • Urethral secretions

2- What problems can a urologist treat?

Urologists can treat bladder, urinary tract (UTI), bladder and kidney cancer, kidney disease, and kidney stones. Men can also see it for Erectile dysfunction (ED) and A large prostate.

3- What do urologists do for women?

Urologists specialize in the management of all aspects of the male and female urinary tract. A urogynecologist recognizes and treats various conditions in a woman’s organs, including urinary incontinence, pelvic prolapse, and pelvic floor disorders.

4- How is a urological examination performed?

Your urologist can check your blood count, kidney function, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), or testosterone levels. It may include an ultrasound of the kidneys, bladder, and prostate. Or imaging scans to see the body.