What Do Orthopedic Doctors Do?

An orthopedic doctor is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of musculoskeletal illnesses and injuries. The musculoskeletal system is complicated made up of bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons that function together to allow people to move. Orthopedic surgery, sports medicine, and pediatrics are among the orthopedic specializations. Knee injuries, hip dysplasia, and osteoporosis are all common orthopedic problems treated. Children with juvenile arthritis and adults with osteomyelitis can both be treated by trained physicians and orthopedic medicine palmdale ca.

Orthopedic Specialties

Orthopedic surgery, sports medicine, and pediatrics are among the orthopedic specializations. Knee injuries, hip dysplasia, and osteoporosis are all common orthopedic problems treated. Children with juvenile arthritis and adults with osteomyelitis can both be treated by orthopedic physicians.

Orthopedic surgeons are specialists in preventing, diagnosing, and treating musculoskeletal problems. They treat sports-related injuries and disorders, such as fractured bones and tumor removal procedures.

Orthopedic surgeons address orthopedic disorders with medical imaging technology, less invasive surgical procedures, and complicated fixation devices.

Orthopedic surgery is a branch of surgery that focuses on treating disorders that affect the body’s bones, joints, and soft tissues. Arthritis, bone cancers, injured ligaments, tendons, and torn rotator cuffs are all conditions treated by orthopedic surgeons.

Sports medicine orthopedists specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating injuries sustained during sporting or recreational activities. They treat tendons, joints, bones injuries, and overuse syndromes affecting the limbs’ muscles, nerves, and bones.

Children with bone diseases, such as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, which affects the hip area in boys less than 10, require orthopedic therapy. When the body’s immune system assaults its joints, it causes juvenile arthritis.

Orthopedic treatment can help children with orthopedic diseases like leukemia, cerebral palsy, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis detect and cure misshapen or damaged bones.

Pediatric orthopedic treatments include the treatment of bone and joint issues in children by orthopedic doctors. Juvenile arthritis, fractures, scoliosis, hip dysplasia, and musculoskeletal malignancies can all be treated with orthopedic care.

What types of conditions do orthopedic doctors treat?

Orthopedic doctors treat a wide variety of conditions, including but not limited to the following:

Bone Fractures

Fractures of the bones are prevalent and can occur in any bone. Fractures occur when the body is subjected to a force that the bones cannot withstand, causing them to shatter or fracture. Fractures are frequently treated with surgery, but other fractures, such as stress fractures of the foot, do not require surgery.

Ligament rips, which can be produced by the same forces that cause fractures, are also treated by orthopedic doctors.

 Knee Pain

Orthopedic specialists are well-versed in various knee injuries and disorders, such as osteoarthritis, ACL tears, meniscus injuries, dislocations, patellar tendonitis (commonly known as jumper’s knee), and osteoarthritis.

Knee surgeries such as patellar tendon surgery (also known as patellar realignment or transposition) and ACL reconstruction are also performed by orthopedic specialists.

Orthopedic Care

Because a person can have various orthopedic issues, the doctor must treat them all. Orthopedic doctors can also provide physical therapy for a specific problem with the bones or joints as part of routine care and maintenance. This usually entails strengthening and stretching workouts for various body segments.

Because orthopedic doctors are also involved in sports medicine, they may work closely with healthy athletes who want to avoid injuries or recover from an injury experienced while training or playing a sport.

Athletes might suffer from fractures, arthritis in the joints, and torn ligaments in any region of the musculoskeletal system.

Lumbar Spine Pain

Orthopedic specialists treat lumbar disc herniation, arthritis of the lumbar spine, stenosis of the lumbar spine, spondylolisthesis of the lumbar spine, spondylitis of the lumbar spine, and other disorders that affect the lumbar spine.

Suppose they want specialized surgeries on the lumbar spine, such as a lumbar disc herniation or lumbar spine arthritis. In that case, some orthopedic surgeons prefer to specialize further in back surgery.


Orthopedic doctors also handle trauma care. They can treat all forms of trauma injuries produced by force applied to the body.

Orthopedic doctors can treat people who have been wounded in an accident or during sporting activities, such as football players on the field, in an ER, or trauma center.

Because orthopedic surgeons treat trauma regularly, they may be more knowledgeable about injury prevention than other types of doctors.

Muscle Strains

Muscle strains, or tearing or stretching of muscles, are also treated by orthopedic physicians. Muscle strains frequently occur when people engage in activities that they are not accustomed to. A muscle strain could occur, for example, if an office worker goes on vacation and tries to lift his bags.

Orthopedic care hospitals or clinics also include employing braces or other devices to support joints to keep them in the most excellent possible condition for as long as feasible.

Orthopedic specialists can also administer pain-relieving injections, such as cortisone shots, to help reduce pain and improve mobility in a specific joint or area.

Joint Or Back Pain

To relieve pain, joint or back discomfort can be treated with medicine, physical therapy, and rest. An orthopedic specialist may prescribe surgery to remove the damaged section of bone and replace it with metal or plastic implants if a patient has a more severe case of joint or back discomfort.

Back pain can be caused by a herniated or pushed-out disk in the spine, and it can be particularly severe if the back nerves become entangled in the displaced disk.

Orthopedic doctors can also perform elective surgery on joints like the knees and hips. This procedure is typically used to replace a shaky or damaged joint with a more stable one.


Arthritis is a debilitating bone and cartilage disease that can be excruciatingly painful. Depending on the severity of the ailment, orthopedic doctors may offer physical therapy, weight loss, medication, or surgery to treat arthritis.

Orthopedic surgeons are particularly involved in the treatment of osteoarthritis, a degenerative disease that commonly affects the knees. When cartilage in the knee has thinned or deteriorated by age-related wear and tear, it can produce pain that makes walking much more difficult.

Osteoarthritis is usually treated conservatively, to begin with. Weight loss, physical therapy, and over-the-counter pain relievers are among the common noninvasive treatments for osteoarthritis.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

The median nerve, which controls feeling in the thumb and first three fingers of the hand, becomes pushed or pinched at the wrist, resulting in carpal tunnel syndrome.

The affected hand may experience tingling, pain, numbness, weakness, or coldness due to the pressure. Orthopedic surgeons can perform surgical procedures to open up this wrist area and relieve stress on the nerve.

Hip And Knee Replacements

Hip and knee replacements entail removing the damaged region of bone in a person’s hip or knee joint and replacing it with an artificial component known as a prosthesis. Orthopedic surgeons often recommend this operation for severe arthritis or hip or knee discomfort.

Caring For Athletes

Sports medicine orthopedists, who are highly educated to manage injuries that athletes may sustain due to their level of exercise, also provide orthopedic care. Football players, for example, frequently consult an orthopedist to treat torn ligaments in their knees, which can be prettysevere and challenging to heal.

Orthopedic doctors collaborate with physical therapists, occupational therapists, neurologists, rheumatologists, pain management experts, and primary care physicians to offer patients the complete care possible.

Tendons Or Ligaments Injuries

Rest, cold or heat treatment, physical therapy, and sometimes medication is used to treat tendons or ligament problems like sprains, tendonitis, and ACL tears. For more severe injuries, orthopedic doctors may consider surgery.

Limb Abnormalities

Orthopedic surgeons can cure limb deformities such as clubfoot and bowlegs through surgery.Birth abnormalities such as clubfoot and polio can be corrected surgically by orthopedic surgeons.


Fractures in the bones, which are commonly caused by accidents or sports injuries, can also be treated by orthopedists. Broken bones can be set and a cast or splint made to keep the bones in place while they mend. Metal pins, plates, screws, rods, and wires may also repair shattered bones.

Herniated Disk

Orthopedists can use physical therapy or medication to treat mild occurrences of herniated disks. In more challenging situations, surgery may be required to remove the damaged disk and replace it with metal or plastic implants.

Ligaments, bone, tendons, cartilage, muscles, nerves, and skin injuries

Orthopedic specialists treat muscle injuries using physical therapy to help them recuperate. Sutures may be used to repair more severe muscle rips.

Bone Cancer

Bone cancer is most common in adults over 35 and most commonly affects men, though it can also affect women.

Bone cancer promotes bone degeneration, which results in discomfort and swelling. Depending on the severity of the damage to the patient’s bones, orthopedic doctors may treat the ailment with orthopedic medicine palmdaleca or surgery.