Around 21 million people in the USA suffer from osteoarthritis. It is also known as degenerative joint disease. The most osteoarthritis-related disabilities are on the hips or knees. A lot of total joint replacement surgeries take place in a year.
The limitations of a body get identified by the best physical therapy Philadelphia. They also know the surgical procedures as well as post-surgical treatment goals. A physical therapist is the best person to tailor his/her effort for improving your overall well-being, who has a new hip or knee for their success long-term.
A physical therapist offers post-surgical rehab for the following benefits for long-term:
- Restore normal Movement of the joint is restored to normal.
- Building the strength in the joint and also in the surrounding muscles
- Reduce pain and swelling
- An individual can go back to their normal activities if the guidance of a physical therapist is properly followed
- After surgery, helps with circulation and the patient doesn’t suffer from any blood clot
For achieving the long-term goals, the patient has to follow the physical therapist who will follow in the following five areas:
- Muscle and Joint Stretches
To maintain a well-to-do range of motion of joints as well as muscle flexibility, stretching is necessary. Climbing stairs, reaching overhead, etc. can get tough if a person has joints that are stiff or has tight muscles. These functions are preserved by making the person do proper stretching. When an injury happens or just after the surgery, the formation of scar tissues take place, and soft tissues start contracting, therefore, stretching is very important at that time.
- Strengthen body Through Exercise
After the total joint replacement is done, the function of muscles around the replacement is improved by strengthening exercises. So, over time the strength of the muscle improves as well as the range of motion of the joint that is replaced increases. A body’s core is in its foundation; therefore, physical therapists are emphasizing more on core strengthening. Balance improves and stability increases if the muscles in the pelvis and back are strengthened, and therefore, will be a successful recovery after total joint replacement surgery.
- Applying Heat and Ice
To warm up a muscle or cooling down a muscle, ice and heat are necessary. Swelling is decreased, and blood flow is stimulated through these processes. A good therapist will always know when it is to apply ice or heat and this is the primary thing to know in this therapy.
While doing an ultrasound, the high-frequency sound wave is used in the deep tissues to stimulate them, and that will warm and increase blood flow in these tissues.
In the affected areas of the body electrical current is passed in this therapy. Alteration of nerve conduction in that region is done with the help of electric stimulation and which then alters the muscle contractility. Also, blood flow in the tissues of that area gets increased by electrical stimulation. The result is that the pain in the area of electrical stimulation gets reduced.