You may not realize it but your hips are the joints that play a vital role in facilitating any sort of movement. Even the mere act of sitting or even sleeping can become very difficult and painful if your hips are not healthy.
What is a hip replacement surgery?
Just like any other joint replacement surgery, it is an arthroplasty. This means a total hip replacement surgery involves:
- Removing the damaged components of both the hips and
- Replacing those when new artificial parts which are specially adjusted as per your body structure.
What is exactly replaced in a total hip replacement surgery?
- The femur (the ball like structure that facilitates the hip and leg movement)
- The acetabulum (the socket in the pelvis that holds the femur in place)
- The cartilages (flexible tissues that connect the hip and leg bones and prevent them from rubbing against each other)
The main goal of the surgery is to comparatively ease your daily movements and activities and reduce the pain.
When is a total hip replacement surgery needed?
A total hip replacement surgery is the last option. It’s suggested by a doctor only if all other remedies like medication, physiotherapy, etc. have failed to ease your hip joint problem. Hip joint problems may occur due to:
- Osteoarthritis: A type of arthritis that causes pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints.
- Hip Fracture: Broken hip bones due to an accident or fall. If the bones are broken beyond repair or if the broken hip joint doesn’t align properly.
- Bone Dysplasia: An abnormal and excessive growth of the bones which can cause damage to the joints.
- Normal wear and tear of the hip joint as a result of ageing.
- Bone disorders like avascular necrosis caused due to excessive alcoholism or overuse of certain steroids.
- Bone tumour: When the bones begin to grow in a deformed manner, lose their original shape and no longer gel well with the other bones.
The following are the situations when a total hip replacement is the only solution:
- If you experience severe pain in the hips on a regular basis.
- If you are unable to bend and even wearing shoes becomes a problem.
- If normal activities like sitting, sleeping, walking, climbing stairs, etc. cause discomfort in the hips.
- If you aren’t able to move your hips beyond certain limit/ range.
- If there is a constant pain in the pelvic area/ groin or the thighs.
- If painkillers fail to control your pain.
- If you suffer from hip osteonecrosis. It’s a disorder when the hip bones don’t receive the right amount of blood supply. This causes the bones to literally die, become brittle and collapse.
- If you are on the verge of depression or anxiety due to the pain or physical impairment caused by the ailing hips.
- If you are unable to get an adequate and necessary amount of sleep due to the pain in the hips.
It also must be noted that you are ready for a total hip replacement surgery only when:
- You have quit smoking for a while.
- You heart problems (if any), diabetes and metabolism are in check.
- Other medical issues related to certain infections in the gums, etc. have been resolved.
For a successful hip replacement surgery, you need an expert orthopaedic surgeon who also provides the right aftercare for the new joints. Visit Apollo Spectra, for the best treatment.