Being a mother and forming a family is the desire of many women, but there are those who have some difficulty in getting pregnant or cannot because of hormonal, genetic problems, and so on. Couples with difficulty to become pregnant no longer need to abandon the dream of having children and building a family. In addition to the numerous fertilization methods available in the market, it is still possible to count on the so-called surrogacy.
How does the surrogacy process occur?
Initially, it is worth remembering that the process occurs when a healthy woman, willing to help a couple conceive their biological child, gives up their uterus for the baby’s development.
Gestation by substitution implies in temporary transfer of the uterus so that the egg of the biological mother, already fertilized with the sperm of the father, can develop in the following months of gestation.
That is, the genetic material belongs to the couple. For the doctor, the procedure is best for mothers who have problems with uterine malformation or a history of serious diseases in the womb, which prevent them from maintaining a pregnancy. It is also indicated for homo-affective couples.
Gestation by substitution in Ukraine and in the world
The legislation that regulates the surrogacy varies depending on the country. In Ukraine, the pregnant woman may or may not have some kind of family relationship up to the fourth degree with one of the partners that make up the couple.
It may be the mother-in-law, a sister, aunt, cousin, a friend very close to the couple or any other woman as long as they get the approval of Ukrainian surrogacy.
Risks associated with surrogacy
The procedure of surrogacy is not simple and the people involved are in danger of facing future problems. In addition to risks of the pregnancy itself that the woman is likely to develop, there are also problems such as emotional attachment to the child, and so on. The most common risks are:
During pregnancy, the surrogate woman can develop affective ties with the baby and give up giving the child to the couple, even if they are the biological parents of the child (because they gave the genetic material). In this case the right to stay with the child belongs to the couple, the child’s parents. In order to regularize the situation, it is necessary the intervention of the justice, that regulates the custody of the baby for the parents, or like shared maternity.
If the woman who develops the baby in her womb does not give up the baby, and the couple is not the biological parents (they did not grant the genetic material), the court can allege custody of the child for the surrogate woman and determine compensation for the couple.