What is gastritis? In medical term, gastritis means the inflammation of the lining of your stomach. Gastritis can be considered as acute or chronic according to the timeline of your symptoms. In a patient with chronic gastritis, they have symptoms that come on gradually and longer duration. As you know, the stomach produces stomach acid that helps in food digestion, especially in protein digestion. The stomach acid is actually composed of hydrochloric acid which is very acidic at a pH of around 1.5 to 3.5. In a normal condition, the stomach acid can harm and damages your skin or eye if you have direct contact with the acid itself. It definitely makes you wonder how a stomach protects itself from its own stomach acid ??? It turns out that there are some cells in the stomach that produces mucus that helps to buffer the stomach acid. The mucus forms a physical barrier around the lining of your stomach, protecting it from stomach acid eroding the surfaces. Therefore, in a patient with gastritis, they have the breached stomach linings, causing stomach acid to attack their stomach lining and causes different symptoms that are unpleasant. To know more answers for chronic gastritis, you can always look for Chronic Gastritis answers by doctor on call.
As we know there three different types of gastritis, which are classified into type A, type B and type C according to their causes. Type B gastritis is the most common cause and is due to Helicobacter pylori infection. Symptoms are apparent physical or mental features to the patient and are considered as the indication of the disease itself. Common symptoms of gastritis include upper abdominal pain, indigestion, the sensation of bloating, nausea, vomiting, belching, loss of appetite and weight loss. For the upper abdominal pain, this symptom is the most common complaints among the patient. The patients often describe the pain as gnawing, centrally located and do not radiate to other places. It is due to the constant irritation of stomach acid on the stomach lining. As for chronic gastritis, a patient can have a stomach ulcer that may cause more severe pain due to more exposure of stomach lining to stomach acid. The irritation is detected by your nervous system and present it as upper abdominal pain. Nausea and vomiting are symptoms due to activation of your nervous symptom due to the constant irritation. Indigestion refers to the sensation of not being able to digest your food. This can be due to the constant pain of your stomach and inefficient working of your stomach. As a result, you can get loss of appetite in the long term which can contribute to the weight loss. However, a dramatic weight loss of a few kilograms within a month or two should alarm you as it can be symptoms of stomach cancer with similar symptoms as gastritis.
As times goes on, you may experience the symptoms more regularly and frequently. Although common symptoms are present in most cases, there are symptoms that you should worry about if they are happening to you. These symptoms include vomiting blood, rapid heartbeat, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, extreme dizziness, passing out and confusion. If these symptoms are happening in a chronic gastritis patient, it is likely that he/she has bleeding in the stomach or duodenum. It is because the stomach acid damages the stomach lining can cause bleeding from the blood vessels underneath due to the long-standing condition. Remember always seek medical treatment if you experienced these symptoms. If you are just having these symptoms recently, it is recommended to get yourself check up and treated accordingly.